August 6, 2011

Spiced Saffron And Cardamom Biscotti


I’m sure most people have certain recipes which they are hesitant to re-approach for the fear of almost definite failure. Some such recipes are scary just to look through, because they’re so complicated that if one is successful it would seem to be by fluke! Then there are others which are very deceptive because at first (and second and even third) glance, the recipes seem so simple one cannot begin to understand how anything could possible go wrong.

I’m no different have a few such recipes that I’m quite hesitant to approach. From personal experience, I have also learned that never judge recipes by appearance. The simplest of them all could be the reason for one’s ultimate downfall!

Take the case of macarons. Really speaking they’re nothing more than some egg whites, sugar, almond meal and a lot of air! If you have tried making them, you will realise they can more temperamental than you could imagine, but then macarons are a bit of a hit or miss thing.




One of my kitchen nemeses has been the biscotto (plural – biscotti). Biscotti are somewhat elongated, thick crunchy and somewhat hard Italian cookies that are eaten dipped in wine or coffee. As their name suggests, from “bis” meaning twice in Latin and “cotto” which comes from “coctum” meaning cooked/ baked, making biscotti involves baking the dough twice to make them dry and crunchy. Biscotti can be made with and without butter, depending on the recipe so this makes this a great think to snack on with coffee, especially if you’re watching calories.

Biscotti are supposed to have their origins in early times when the Roman empire was dealing with the likes of Visigoths and Vandals! Apparently, unleavened finger-shaped dough was baked and then further baked once more so that they dried out and would not spoil. This meant they could be carried by travellers on long journeys and by the Roman soldiers during wars. Pliny the Elder seems to have claimed biscotti could last for centuries which probably what it felt like considering the Roman soldiers of those days seemed to be at war for ever!

However, biscotti as we know them today originated in Tuscany (Italy) and were made with almonds from Prato hence their more proper name “Biscotti di Prato”. I believe, in Italy, biscotti generally refer to any crunchy biscuit/ cookie and these are actually known as “Cantucci di Prato” and traditionally served there with a sweet dessert wine called vin santo. Biscotti are quite hard and need the “dunking” to make them soft and comfortable to eat, unless you have teeth on par with Jaws, piranha or a Tasmanian Devil!




So what’s the difference between biscotti, cantucci and cantuccini?
Turns out the biscotti generally refers to any biscuit/ cookie that are “twice baked”. Cantucci are twice baked biscuits/ cookies from Prato and always contain almonds. So biscotti, even one you’d like to say came from Prato, apparently cannot be called cantucci but remains biscotti if you’ve decided to put other stuff like chocolate, or fruit and what-else-have-you! And cantuccini are small single bite-sized cantucci.

One can also find crunchy and hard-enough-dip biscuits/ cookies in other countries across Europe. Jews make Mandelbrot , the British make Rusks, Germans bake Zwieback, the French like Croquets de Carcassonne, Russians love Sukhariki and the Greeks bake Paxemadia and Biskota.

So when some of us decided it was time to get back to baking together, biscotti seemed to the perfect thing to make. The past couple of times (a very long time ago) that I tried baking biscotti, all I had to show for my trouble was a huge mound of half-baked crumbs.




I did want to bake my biscotti when Arundati and Arundathi (same name, different spelling, and different people) did but my biscotti project got delayed by a couple weeks. I used a recipe I had book-marked from Saveur sometime back. I stuck to the recipe by and large as I didn’t want to tinker with it and once again tell myself, “That’s the way this cookie crumbled!”

Of course, I couldn’t resist adding some cardamom and spicing it up a bit and in my excitement I also forgot to sprinkle my biscotti with pearl sugar thought this did my biscotti no harm. Guess what? For the first time, I could bite into my biscotti rather than spoon in mouthfuls of crumbs!
There's also an interesting video which shows how to make biscotti, if you would like to see it.
Spiced Saffron And Cardamom Biscotti

(Adapted from Saveur)



Ingredients:


1 1/2 cups flour

1 tsp baking powder

1 tsp chai masala

3 or 4 pods cardamom, powdered

1/ 2 cup sugar


2 tbsp salted butter, at room temperature

1/2 tbsp grated lemon zest

1/2 tsp saffron

1 egg

1/8 cup warm milk

1/4 cup mini chocolate chips



Method:


In a bowl, whisk together flour, baking powder, chai masala and powdered cardamom. In a small bowl put the saffron strands and the warm milk, mix together and keep aside for the colour and flavour to develop.

In another larger bowl, beat together sugar, butter and lemon zest with a handheld mixer on medium speed, until pale and fluffy (about 2 minutes). Add the eggs and beat well. Now add the saffron-milk mixture and mix until combined. Add the whisked ingredients and beat on slow speed until just combined. Mix in chocolate chips and transfer dough to a work surface.


Divide the dough into two halves and shape each into a log about 11” by 1” and place on a parchment lined baking sheet leaving some space between them. Refrigerate for about 30 minutes.

Bake at 170C (325F) for about 25 to 30 minutes till the logs look dry and start browning at the edges. Take the baking sheet out of the oven and place on a wire rack. Let the logs cool for 15 minutes.

Place each log on a cutting board and cut into 1” thick slices with a serrated knife. Place the slices on the baking sheet, with the cut sides facing up and bake the biscotti for about 15 minutes or so, until they are a light brown in colour. Remove and cool completely on a wire rack. Serve or store in an airtight container.

This recipe makes about 20 to 25 biscotti.

Some tips that left me with biscotti instead of crumbs –


- Do not overwork your dough

- To make working with sticky dough, lightly flour your hands before shaping the logs.

- Lining your baking sheet with parchment paper is a GREAT idea. It makes shaping the logs and removing them easy.

- Use the baking times in your recipe as a guide and watch them to make sure you get them out just when they’re done.

- Use a serrated knife and cut the once baked biscotti in a sawing motion rather than pressing down (VERY IMPORTANT if you prefer slices to crumbs). Also let them cool before slicing them.


And just a reminder that I'm giving away a copy of Ice Pop Joy by Annie Daulter and if you would like to try your luck at winning, please leave a comment with your link at the post. The giveaway is on till the midnight of the 7th August, 2011.

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